Atlanta is the state capital of Georgia. Learn about the state government agencies, operations, and services. Find information about living, working, and traveling in the State of Georgia. - [Read more]
This is the Georgia state category. Georgia's capital city is Atlanta, and its postal abbreviation is GA. Georgia entered the Union as the 4th state, on January 2, 1788. It is the 21st largest state, with an area of 58,977 square miles. Georgia was named for King George II, the king of England when the colony of Georgia was founded in 1733. Georgia seceded from the Union in 1861, and the state endured much hardship during the Civil War. Georgia was readmitted to the Union in 1870. Georgia's landscape runs from the Blue Ridge Mountains in the north to the Okefenokee Swamp in the south. During most of the 19th century, it was the center of the South's cotton-growing region. However, the state became more industrialized during the 20th century, and the city of Atlanta has become an important cultural and commercial hub.