The capital of Maryland is Annapolis. Learn about the Maryland state government, including its departments and operations. Read about living and working in the Free State, and find Maryland tourism information. - [Read more]
Learn about Maryland's geography, infrastructure, and natural features, including the Chesapeake Bay. View the detailed highway maps, relief maps, and topographic maps of Maryland. - [Read more]
This is the Maryland state category. Maryland's capital city is Annapolis and its postal abbreviation is MD. Maryland entered the Union as the 7th state, on April 28, 1788. It is the 42nd largest state, with an area of 12,297 square miles. Located in eastern United States, on the Atlantic Ocean, Maryland's largest city is Baltimore. Its first settlements were founded in 1634. Maryland actively promoted American independence, and in 1791 it ceded land on the Potomac River to create the District of Columbia, the national capital site. During the Civil War, Maryland was a border state that did not secede from the Union, but some of its citizens served in each army. The western half of Maryland is part of the Piedmont plateau region, whereas Chesapeake Bay and its coastal marshlands define the geography of eastern Maryland.